Category: Iyengar rituals ceremonies and festivals

Iyengar rituals ceremonies and festivals

We have witnessed many marriage ceremonies in which the priest will be busy in ushering through various mantras, the bride and the groom carrying out mechanically various functions as they are told and their parents busy with various other engagements — all oblivious of the signification of the rituals. Due to paucity of time, the priest will not be able to explain the significance of the rituals and often rushes them through.

Iyyengar Wedding Rituals

The marriage ceremony ends, and the video taken exhibit the pomp and splendour with which it was carried out. But the married couple will have forgotten what vows they have taken even before that day concludes! A Vedic Hindu marriage is viewed as sacramental, a lifelong commitment between a. It is the strongest bond which takes place in the presence of their parents, relatives, and friends.

There is an irrevocable commitment for lifetime by both the Bridegroom and the Bride. For a Hindu, marriage is the only way to continue the family, and thereby repay his debt to his ancestors pitru-runa. Thus, marriage is not for self- indulgence, but rather should be considered a lifelong social and spiritual responsibility. Married life is considered an opportunity for two people to grow from life partners into soul mates. Marriage is for the spiritual growth and a way of learning many things in life through experience.

In other words, it is a perfect way of following the holy law of the Creator. In order to inculcate this objective, Vedas advise the bridegroom to proclaim during paani-grahan :. Gribhnamite suprajaa stvaya hastam mayaa patyaa jaradashtirya thasah Bhago Aryamaa savitaapuram dhirmayam twa durgarha patyaaya devah.

On this auspicious occasion of our life, I take your hand in mine. Oh blessed woman! You be with me as a fortunate. I hand over control of my home in your hands, discharge your duties joyously.

It is in order to keep this tradition alive that the wedding is given the shape of a sacramental rite in Vedic tradition. Vedic rituals followed in a Hindu marriage are prescribed in the Grihya Sutra, a branch of the Kalpa Sutra.

The conduct of the wedding, suitable seasons and timings for the ceremony, and the qualification for compatibility of the bride and groom are followed even today, with some variations here and there due to passage of time.

The phasing of the wedding, duties and responsibilities of the persons vadhyar, the marriage couple, their parents and other. Prescribed procedures karanas and their associated mantras are also ordained. The Vadhyar Chief Priest is required to supervise and direct the wedding to take place as per traditions.

iyengar rituals ceremonies and festivals

The mantras uttered in a marriage explain that the marriage is the noblest path for the couple to attain their unison for promoting prosperity, stability, peace and fine progeny. The mantras profess the couple to be inseparable companions in the spheres of religion, philosophy, love and wealth.Tamil wedding is one of the most colorful and vibrant weddings. There customs and traditions are really vibrant and full of life. The wedding rituals last up to days with a lot of traditions and pre-post wedding rituals.

The best part of their wedding is that they are very creative about their dressing for wedding. The ladies are dressed in colorful silk sarees with flowers and gold jewelry, where as you can see males in dhoti and kurta.

Here, we are sharing some important rituals of Tamil Brahmin wedding. Pandh Kaal Muhurtham: This is the very first ritual of Tamilian wedding. All the elderly members of the family participate in rituals. They place a tall wooden stick outside the house and raise the banana trees covered with decorations to symbolically announce that there is a marriage happening in the house. This is one of the oldest rituals of Tamilian wedding and being followed by almost all the Tamil families. The elder people of the family bless the bride and groom of the house and seek the blessings from the God for hassle free wedding.

Vratham: Vratham is the fast that happens generally a day before the wedding. On this day, a clay pot filled with nine varieties of grains is kept aside. The married women of the family pour water in the pot and allow the grains to sprout for the day. This is a symbolic rituals, where the pot is considered as houses, grains as bride and groom and the sprouts indicates the prosperity in the family.

The family members sing traditional folk songs during various rituals and rejoice. After a day or two the pot is immersed into the pond, where fishes can eat the grains. Jaanavasam: Jaanavasam is nothing but a small ceremony, which is conducted just before the reception. The Tamil bride and groom came in a gorgeously decorated car and they get down outside the marriage hall. Nowadays, to make it more glorious and fancy, the Tamil groom came on a horse of on a chariot.

This ritual is performed to welcome the groom and perform aarthi. A display of fireworks is a part of the procession. Nicchiyadhartham: It is a small pre-wedding important function where the Tamil bride offers prayers to the God in the presence of a priest.

Some families like to showcase most of the items in the gift collection. Receiving the groom: However, the family of the bride has already welcomed the groom on previous day itself, but this is another round of welcoming that will happened on the day of the wedding. Kashi Yatra: On the wedding day morning, the bride and the groom takes a holi bath and get ready for the day.

The tradition says that the groom has to pretend like he is leaving to Kashi to become sanyasi. Oonjal: In this tradition, the bride and the groom are asked to sit on a wooden plank swing, where ladies of the house sing traditional folk songs and celebrated the holiness of the marriage.

This is where the bride and groom are offered a banana dipped in the milk. The tradition is basically to ease their tension of marriage and make them comfortable.

Tamil Brahmin Wedding Rituals: Know Everything More Closely

Kanyadan: In this ritual, both bride and groom go into the mandap together to start the wedding. The father of the bride washes the feet of the groom. During the wedding muhurtham, the hand of the bride is held by the father and given to the groom.

She is supposed to change into the nine yard-Madisaaru. Once she is back in that new saree, bride and groom holds the hand. The groom ties the knot three times while the bride folds her hand.Islam for Dummies by Malcolm Clark.

An informal birth ceremony. This ceremony is not practiced widely. There is no set age for this rite, though it is most commonly celebrated during the teenage years. Marriage Ritual. There is no elaborate ceremony. The waleemah is the reception which includes music and dancing. Funerals and Mourning. This includes the recitation of the janazah prayers for the dead at the gravesite and may include a service at the funeral home.

Muslims do not condone cremation and burial of the dead takes place within 24 hours of death.

Pooja + Aniket - Part 3: Traditional Iyengar Wedding

The official mourning period for a family member is 40 days. This Holy Festival takes place in the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It is a time of fasting and daily repentance. Lailat ul-Qadr — The final 10 days of Ramadan.

Id al-Fitr — The feast period just after the month long fast of Ramadan. It lasts for three days. Id ul-Adha. Two to three months after Ramadan, animals are slaughtered to benefit the poor.

The purpose of the the Id ul-Adha is to celebrate the faithfulness and obedience of Abraham. Al-Isra Wal Miraj. Celebrated on the 27th Day of the 7th month in the Islamic Calendar. Maulid al-Nabi. Celebrates the birth of Muhammad.A very large community, the Tamil Iyengars Ayyangars are known for their superior intellect, high levels of education and good looks.

This community is largely based in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Being Brahmins, their wedding rituals are long and elaborate and a typical wedding can last for four or five days. For most ceremonies two 'pujaris or vathiyaars ' officiate - one representing the bride's family and the other the groom's. There are bound to be variations in the ceremonies and rituals depending upon the city or state the Iyengars have been living in for several generations.

Vethalepakku: Exchange of gifts between the bride and groom This is a kind of engagement ceremony where the bride and groom exchange saris, suits and gifts. The bride goes to the groom's home carrying a platter laden with two silver lamps, a coconut, fruits and flowers. After the exchange of gifts, she leaves the platter behind and goes back home. Pandalkal or Chapra: Blessing the wedding venue.

An auspicious beginning to any Iyengar wedding commences with purifying the marriage 'pandol' canopy.

iyengar rituals ceremonies and festivals

The 'pandol' is made of leaves and branches of trees and it is purified by pouring milk, saffron and 'kumkum' vermilion on the base of the bamboo poles placed at its corners.

The purification ritual is performed by a 'pujari' or any respected elder of the family who is well versed with the rituals of marriage. Devar Samardhne: Seeking blessings from deities to keep the marriage free from any impediments. This ceremony is also known as 'perumal thadhyaradhne' and is a puja performed on the morning of the wedding day by the bride and groom separately in their homes.

The deities are invoked to bless the marriage proceedings and keep all the rituals free from obstacles. Varapooje or Janwaasam: Heralding the arrival of the groom and inviting him to the 'mantap'. On the evening prior to the wedding, the first function is 'mapillai azaizsu' literally, heralding the arrival of the groom and his party.

The groom and his family are garlanded by members of the bride's family and are served refreshments and allowed to rest before the 'varapooje' or 'janwaasam' puja performed to honour the groom. The groom is ceremoniously led to the marriage 'mantap' and the pujari reads aloud the 'lagna patrike', announcing to the audience the antecedents and credentials of both the families.

Nischathartham: Commitment to be married is made and announced to all.Most Iyers are followers of the Advaita philosophy propounded by Adi Shankara.

Iyers are sub-divided into various sub-sects based on cultural and regional differences.

Rituals to be performed after cremation till the 13th day after death

Like all Brahmins, they are also classified based on their gotraor patrilineal descent, and the Veda they follow. Iyers fall under the Pancha Dravida Brahmin sub-classification of India's Brahmin community and share many customs and traditions with other Brahmins.

It is used in that meaning in TamilTelugu and Malayalam. Tamil Brahmins form an estimated less than 3 per cent of the state's total population and are distributed all over the state. However, accurate statistics on the population of the Iyer community are unavailable. Iyers are also found in fairly appreciable number in Western and Southern districts of Tamil Nadu. Over the last few centuries, many Iyers have migrated and settled in parts of Karnataka.

During the rule of the Mysore Maharajahs, many Iyers from the then Madras province migrated to Mysore. The Ashtagrama Iyers are also a prominent group of Iyers in Karnataka.

Iyers have been resident of the princely state of Travancore from ancient times. The Venad state present Kanyakumari district and the southern parts of Kerala was part of the Pandyan kingdom known as Then Pandi Nadu. There were also many Iyers in Venad which later on grew to be the Travancore state. The old capital of Travancore was Padmanabhapuram which is at present in Kanyakumari district.

There has also been a continuous inflow from Tirunelveli and Ramnad districts of Tamil Nadu which are contiguous to the erstwhile princely state of Travancore. Many parts of the present Tirunelveli district were even part of the old Travancore state.

iyengar rituals ceremonies and festivals

Some of these people migrated to Cochin and later to Palakkad and Kozhikode districts. There were also migrations from Tanjore district of Tamil Nadu to Palakkad. Their descendants are known today as Palakkad Iyers. In Coimbatorethere are many such Iyers due to its proximity to Kerala. According to the Buddhist scripture Mahavamsathe presence of Brahmins have been recorded in Sri Lanka as early as BC when the first migrations from the Indian mainland supposedly took place.

Currently, Brahmins are an important constituent of the Sri Lankan Tamil minority. There are significantly large Iyer communities in Mumbai[15] [16] and Delhi. In recent times Iyers have also migrated in significant numbers to the United Kingdom, Europe and the United States [16] in search of better fortune.

Iyers, like all other Brahmins, trace their paternal ancestry to one of the eight rishis or sages. A maiden in the family belongs to gotra of her father, but upon marriage takes the gotra of her husband.

iyengar rituals ceremonies and festivals

The Vedas are further sub-divided into shakhas or "branches" and followers of each Veda are further sub-divided based on the shakha they adhere to.

However, only a few of the shakhas are extant, the vast majority of them having disappeared. The different Vedas and the corresponding shakhas that exist today in Tamil Nadu are: [23].Festivals can be an occasion for piety or debauchery, abstinence or indulgence—an opportunity to mark a new chapter in life, or commemorate those who have passed.

Whatever the occasion, joining in or just observing rituals and ceremonies can be a wonderful way to learn about another culture. Be sure to check out Parts OneThree and Four in the series as well. Part Two in the series looks at 16 curious and colourful rituals and ceremonies from around the world—from Benin to Iran, Chile to Israel. Ueno Park is a large public park located in central Tokyo and is home to the most spectacular Cherry Blossom Festival known locally as Hanami.

The grounds were originally part of the Kaneiji Temple, which was destroyed in the late s. Luckily, the temple grounds were turned into a public park. Ueno Park is an ideal spot to visit for people watchingas it is typically filled with locals just out enjoying the beautiful weather and scenery. During prime cherry blossom season, crowds can get heavy, so arrive early and throw down a blanket to save your sport.

If time permits, be sure to walk across the bridge to the Shinobazu Pond, where there is usually some kind of traditional street food festival going on, especially in good weather and during festival season. During our visit to the Cherry Blossom Festival, we were delighted not only by the abundance of cherry blossoms, but also to be participating in something that local residents were partaking in.

Getting to sample authentic Japanese street food was a delicious bonus and the festival definitely topped our list of favorite Tokyo experiences.

We had been in Beninthe birthplace of voodoo, for several weeks before we witnessed our first ceremony. I was put off by the thought of seeing animal sacrifices. Reassured there would be nothing untoward happening, we went to the village of Heve on the banks of the Mono River near Grand Popo to watch a village cleansing ceremony.

It is carried out regularly to keep the village free of evil and to ward off malevolent forces. Every villager either took part in proceedings or watched it from the sidelines. The ceremony began with rhythmic drumming. A group of local men and boys drummed non-stop for two and a half hours, sweat pouring from their faces as the beat got faster and faster as events reached a climax. Women danced throughout. They looked joyous.

Some danced with babies strapped to their backs. The stamina and energy of both the drummers and the dancers held us in thrall.

Once the music was underway, the stars of the show, the Zangbetosemerged. These are the traditional voodoo guardians of the night and are highly revered. Their costumes are made of brightly coloured straw and resemble haystacks.Most Iyers are followers of the Advaita philosophy propounded by Adi Shankara.

Iyers are sub-divided into various sub-sects based on cultural and regional differences. Like all Brahmins, they are also classified based on their gotraor patrilineal descent, and the Veda they follow. Iyers fall under the Pancha Dravida Brahmin sub-classification of India's Brahmin community and share many customs and traditions with other Brahmins. It is used in that meaning in TamilTelugu and Malayalam. Tamil Brahmins form an estimated less than 3 per cent of the state's total population and are distributed all over the state.

However, accurate statistics on the population of the Iyer community are unavailable. Iyers are also found in fairly appreciable number in Western and Southern districts of Tamil Nadu. Over the last few centuries, many Iyers have migrated and settled in parts of Karnataka. During the rule of the Mysore Maharajahs, many Iyers from the then Madras province migrated to Mysore. The Ashtagrama Iyers are also a prominent group of Iyers in Karnataka.

Iyers have been resident of the princely state of Travancore from ancient times. The Venad state present Kanyakumari district and the southern parts of Kerala was part of the Pandyan kingdom known as Then Pandi Nadu.

There were also many Iyers in Venad which later on grew to be the Travancore state. The old capital of Travancore was Padmanabhapuram which is at present in Kanyakumari district. There has also been a continuous inflow from Tirunelveli and Ramnad districts of Tamil Nadu which are contiguous to the erstwhile princely state of Travancore.

Many parts of the present Tirunelveli district were even part of the old Travancore state. Some of these people migrated to Cochin and later to Palakkad and Kozhikode districts. There were also migrations from Tanjore district of Tamil Nadu to Palakkad.

Their descendants are known today as Palakkad Iyers. In Coimbatorethere are many such Iyers due to its proximity to Kerala. According to the Buddhist scripture Mahavamsathe presence of Brahmins have been recorded in Sri Lanka as early as BC when the first migrations from the Indian mainland supposedly took place.

Currently, Brahmins are an important constituent of the Sri Lankan Tamil minority.


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